but yet sees that he that will be a minister must be content to be a martyr. He then concludes by saying that if no course is to be taken, he is resolved to let the higher powers know how the case stands, when he shall have the satisfaction of having done his duty to his God, king, and country.

Benjamin Glanville, the brother to the preceding, was a merchant in London, in 1666, Mr. Warham Jemmet (sen.), writing to Mr. Williamson (Aug. 20th) from Dover, says that he sends to Sir P. Frowde, two or three times a week, news about the Dutch fleet, which is sent by Mr. B. Glanville and Mr. Curtis. The same writer, on 20 May, 1667, forwards a letter of Mr. Benj. Glanville to Mr. Williamson - "A memorandum, dated Sep. 20th, 1667, that 'Sir Thomas Clifford is to move Lord Arlington to write to Mr. Benj. Glanville to come over (from Flanders); also to ask Lord Arlington and Mr. Williamson for the paper signed by Sir Robert Paston,' " etc.

On Oct. 7, 1667, Sir G. Downing writes to Mr. Williamson, from Treasury Chambers, Whitehall, that the Lords of the Treasury desire he will move Lord Arlington to write a letter to hasten Mr. Benj. Glanville from Flanders, as the whole account of the tin business is stopped till he comes. Alderman Backwell will send the letter to him. He also asks for the King's Warrant, to the Lords of the Treasury, concerning Sir Stephen Fox's £68,000.

12. John Glanville, son of Nicholas and Elizabeth his wife (revert to issue of Nicholas Glanville, page 75), was a clergyman of the Church of England, and held the living of Withell, in Cornwall, by his wife, Anna, daughter of the Reverend Jacob Ritston, of Breague, in Cornwall, whom he married, 1614, at St. Breock's. He had issue (1) Nicholas Glanville, baptized 2 April, 1622, at Withell; (2) William Glanville, who, in 1640, represented one of the Cornish boroughs with P. Edgcumbe, and was one of the commissioners who joined in presenting a letter to the Earl of Essex deploring the miseries of the Civil War, and inviting the Earl to use his influence for the restoration of peace; (3) Dewnes Glanville; and (4) Anna Glanville, living 1620. He was buried at St. German's, Cornwall, [fn 102] in which church is the following curious Latin acrostic, under the Glanville arms, impaling a chief indented:-

A.D. 1599, 24 Nov., to A.D. 1631, 20th Oct.

Natus est Denatus.
Inditur in gelidum Gregis hujus opilio bustuM
Ominbus irriguus Lacrymis simul urbis et agrI.
Hugus erit vivax Atque inddebile nomeN,
Artibius et linguis Nec non virtute probatI
Nobis ille novae Vatem (pro munere) legiS
Naviter et graviter Iucunde et suaviter egiT
Ergo relanguenti Licet eluctetur ab orE
Spiritus; aetornum Lucebit totus ut asteR
In the cold vault beneath, where troubles cease,
The Shepherd of this Flock now rests in peace;
His grave is watered by the tears of all,
Who dwell around, in hamlet, field, and hall;
With us his name shall live, its memory ever dear,
As that of one, who, while he tarried here,
Did justly earn a fame for virtue, tried and proved,
Who arts and letters studied and well loved;
Who, as a faithful steward, to us did teach the Gospel law ;
Who gravely, sweetly, and with zeal his sacred office bore :
And now, although from hence his spirit flies,
Freed from its struggles and its parting sighs,
Yet in the brightness of the light afar
We trust it shall for ever shine, a radiant star.
[fn 103]

John Glanville's son was a minor when his father died, therefore the King presented for him, the Rev. William Wishart, to the living of Withell, Nov. 4, 1639.

Thomas Glanville, of Tavistock, and third son of John Glanville, of the same town (revert to issue of John Glanville, p. 75), married Joan, daughter of John Cornish Esq., of Tavistock, and by her had issue, John Glanville, who settled at Launceston, in Cornwall, and married firstly, February 12, 1587, Christiana, daughter of John Estcotte of Abbotsham, Esq. (she died May, 1588), [fn 104] and secondly Mary, daughter of John Skerret of Whitchurch, Esq., and by her John Glanville had issue:-

1. Mary Glanville, born 20 April, 1596, and married John Jope, of Merryfield Esq., May 16,1614.
2. Alice Glanville, b. 14 April, 1601; married 16 Dec., 1628, Robert Carey, Esq.
3. Agnes Glanville, b. July 23, 1604; married 9 Aug., 1628, William Debell, gent
4. John Glanville, of Launceston, born July 22, 1590, and married Grace, daughter of Peter Hallamore, of Penrhyn, gent., and had issue Mary Glanville, who espoused John Vivian of St. Colomb, Esq.
5. Susan Glanville, b. 4 Aug., 1598; married Christopher Broken, of Totnes, gent.

Oliver Glanville, of Launceston

Was born the 30th March, 1594, and succeeded his father John Glanville, of Launceston; he married Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Broken (sen.), of Totnes, gent., and dying in 1641, left issue:-
1. Oliver Glanville, b. 8 May, 1636, and married Bridget, daughter of the Rev. Joseph May, of St. Austell, February 20, 1660, and by her had three daughters, Grace, born 1661 ; Mary, 1666; Elizabeth, 1669.
2. John Glanville, ob. s.p., 1620.
3. Christopher Glanville, died before 1658.
4. Arthur Glanville, b. June 3, 1632, and in 1682 was appointed one of the stewarts of the town of Exeter.
5. Mary Glanville, married Thomas Cocke, gent., 1641. 6. Anna., b. 3 Nov., 1633.
7. Sarah Glanville, b. 25 Feb., 1637, and married Thomas Blight, gent., 1660.
8. Alice Glanville, married Robert Jenkin, of Launceston) Esq.
9. Elizabeth Glanville, married, 1657, Thomas Roberts, of Lifton, Devon, Esq.
10. Catherine, married Wichalse. (Named in her parents' wills; living 1658.)
11. Francis Glanville, son and heir, born 1623, and married, 22 February, 1660, Sarah, daughter of the Rev. Richard Handcocke, of North Petherwine. Francis was Alderman of the town of Launceston in 1660, and Lord of the Manor of Hame Thorminster, Cornwall; dying in 1697, he left issue:- [fn 105]
1. Francis Glanville, born May 21, 1661 ; ob. 22 Oct., 1695.
2. William, born 1676; ob. 1676.
3. John Glanville, b. 1662 ; ob. 1676.
4. Richard Glanville, b. 1662.
5. Elizabeth Glanville, b. 1673.
6. Mary Glanville, b. 1671.
7. Nicholas Glanville, b. 1665; ob. 1676.
8. Sarah Glanville, b. 1667; ob. 1676.
9. Grace Glanville, b. 1668; ob. 1689.
Before proceeding any further with the history of the Glanvilles of Devon, Cornwall, and Wilts, it will be necessary to once more revert to that line of the family which remained in Suffolk.

Sir Richard Glanville, of Sutton, in Suffolk, as before stated, [fn 106] had four sons, Richard, William, John, and Robert. Richard, the eldest son, succeeded his father in the Sutton and Chalsfeld estates, and dying before his wife Ellen, she in 1361 presented a Rector to the Parish Church of Sutton. Richard and Ellen de Glanville left one son, Robert de Glanville, who became possessor of his father's lands, and on his decease; he was succeeded by his son Robert de Glanville, who, by his wife Susanna Gresham, left three sons - (1) Thomas de Glanville, warden of Grey Friars Church, at Norwich; (2) Richard de Glanville, who was buried at Grey Friars Church, Norwich, 1499; and (3) Robert Glanville, the eldest son and heir, appears by his will, which was proved in 1559, to have held a lease of the Manor of Hurts, in Saxmundham, Suffolk (Hurts is situated close by the lands that formerly belonged to the Glanvilles), from the Duke of Suffolk, from the 14 April, 1534, for a term of eighty years. In this will, Robert Glanville mentions John Roffkin, son-in-law, and Frances his wife ; John Wood, son-in-law, and Phillipa his wife ; Edward Glanville, his son; Edmund Keble, son-in-law, and Catherine his wife; and Robert Glanville, to whom he leaves £20 in ready money. Dying in 1559, Edward Glanville succeeded him, and Richard, his son, was Mayor of Hadleigh in the year 1626, in which town he was buried. [fn 107]

The following is an extract from his will, dated Dec. 24, 1636:-
"First I give unto ye poor of Hadleigh 2 such tenements as are now in the occupation of ye widows Stapleton & Old Hatch Wth ye ground thereunto belonging as they be now inclosed, and those tenements to be let at the best advantage to the use and behoof of ye poor for ever, and my pleasure is that ye yearly rents of those tenements be gathered as they grow due every half year by some of ye feoffees or the then churchwardens, & ye yearly rent to be laid out in woollen cloath (Wh. because I would have it good), I will it shall be provided and found by some of my own sonnes or kindred and blood. And as touching the disposal of it, my will and pleasure is that ye Revd Dr Good, Dr in Divinity, and now parson of Hadleigh, or whosoever shall then or hereafter be parson of Hadleigh, together with the feoffees & churchwardens and some of my sonnes & kindred shall have a special hand in the disposing of it for e y cloathing of aged men and women and to no other end & purpose: which men and women I would have to be such as keep their church duly & live orderly and I would have them wear it on Christmas day for ever."

Richard Glanville, by his wife, Elizabeth, had three children - Benjamin Glanville, baptized at Hadleigh, 19 December, 1622; Sarah Glanville, baptized at Hadleigh, 1625; and the Rev. Richard Glanville, son and heir, who was Rector of Elmset, and Lord of the Manors of Elmset, Somersham, and Offton, Suffolk; who by his will gave and devised to his successors the Rectors of Elmset for ever, one small piece of land, he had purchased of John Dubbell, of Elmset, that the Rector of Elmset for the time being shall upon Christmas day, in every year, distribute to six aged poor of the said parish six pennyworth of bread each.

The following is a translation of the inscription placed to his memory in Elmset Church:

Here lies deposited the very Reverend
Richard Glanvill Bachelor of Theology
formerly Reucor of this Church and
for a long time its most pious Pastor,
who learnedly by his words corrected
the wandering sheep until his
Lungs were destroyed by a violent disease.

He died December 15th in the year 1667 aged 65.

The Rev. Richard Glanville's will was proved about 1668 (Hene, 32), whereby he devised to his eldest son Richard Glanville, and his heirs, all his Manors of Elmsett, Offton, and Somersham, together with the quit rents and advowsons of Elmsett and Somersham, and all other his manors, advowsons, etc., excepting such lands thereby bequeathed for payment of his debts, legacies, etc. He left £200 to his son John Glanville; £400 apiece to his daughters Margaret and Elizabeth Glanville; and £40 per annum to his beloved wife Margaret, and also all his plate and linen, etc. Mr. Richard Glanville succeeded to these estates after his father's death in 1667, and left by Ann his wife - (1) Richard Glanville; (2) William Glanville, who settled in Antigua about 1677, and had two children, William, born 1683, who was a student at Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, in 1702, and Alice, b. 1688. Richard Glanville, the eldest son, and Lord of the Manors of Elmsett, Offton, and Somersham, about the year 1685, sought in marriage the hand of Mrs. Eleanor Ashfield, a widow of one of the ancient Ashfields of Tickenham, in the county of Somerset. She possessed in her own right an income of £600 per annum, and ready money to the amount of £10,000. At length, after the usual courtship between the worthy couple, a marriage was arranged, upon which Richard Glanville settled his Lordships of Elmset, Somersham, and Offton, upon her for life. After his death, and upon her decease, the property was to descend to his son and heir, as the following copy from the original settlement will show. [fn 108]

"Whereas, Richard Glanvile of Tinknam Court (?) (first word nearly obliterated), in the county of Somersett, gentn, hath settled or agreed to settle, convey,. . . . on Edward Gorges and Willm Rogers, and their heirs all that ye Manors, Lordships of Elmset, Ofton, Somersham, together with all quit rents and awards of quit rents, wth ye perpetual advowson of the churches of Elmsett and Somersham, in ye county of Suffolk, and all other his manors, advowsons, messuages, lands, and tenements, and hereditaments whatsoever, in the said county of Suffolk, in trust for his wife Eleanor Glanvill, during her natural life, and after her decease in trust for ye heirs male, begotten or to be begotten by him the said Richard Glanvill, on ye body of his said wife, ye sad Eleanor Glanvill; and whereas the said Eleanor Glanvill, in consideration of the Payment of the summe of one thousand one hundred pounds, agreed to be paid by him ye said Rich. Glanvill to Sir William Merrick of Bristol, of a separate maintenance which the said Richd. Glanvill hath agreed shall be quickly had of Edmund, the son of ye said Elianor Glanville, as by a writing published by her the said Eleanor Glanvill, bearing date the four and twentieth day of January, 1692-3, it is more fully declared and expressed, and whereas, in consideration thereof, if she, the said Eleanor Glanvill shall survive him ye said Richd. Glanvill, that ye eldest sonne, or . . . . of him ye said Richd. Glanvill, on her body begotten shall have and enjoy the premises (words nearly obliterated) . .. . . thereof for his better support and maintenance. Be it therefore known unto all men, by these presents, I, the said Eleanor Glanville am willing, . . . . . . and declare that after the death, of the said Richd. Glanvill, I ye said Eleanor Granvill will permit the eldest son and heire of the said Richd. Glanvill on my body begotten, to take . . . . . . and enjoy the said rents . . . . and profits of ye premises. In witness thereof I have thereunto set my hand and seal, this foure and twentieth day of Ja'uary, in the fourth year of the reign of our Sovereigns Lord and Lady William and Mary, anno dom. 1692-3." [fn 109]       (Signed)     "RICHD. GLANVILL."

After this, according to the Bill set forth by Richard Glanville, junior, the son of the above-mentioned Richard and Eleanor, his father, in order to make this marriage settlement absolute, executed a Bond of £5,000 to Messrs. Georges and Rogers, who were the trustees to Mrs. Eleanor Glanvill. It appears shortly after this marriage, Richard and Eleanor parted owing to "great discontent arising between them," and Richard sent his son (Richard), then very young, to Flanders. In 1703, when he was about fifteen years of age, he returned from that country, and went to his mother. His father was then living with another woman named Street, and wife of William Street. Soon after this Mrs. Eleanor Glanville apprenticed her son to an apothecary in London; but his father having been informed thereof, and of his whereabouts, he, in combination with the said woman Street, had his son privately conveyed to Newington Green, and then wrote a letter to his wife, and compelled his son to transcribe it, for which he gave him three guineas to "keep his pocket warm." To go through, and give the whole, of these legal documents would involve another volume. The following letter therefore written by Richard Glanville, junior (the Plaintiff in the action at law he brought against his father), to his uncle, William Glanville, then living in Antigua, will be sufficient to explain the cause of the said disagreement that existed between father and son:-

DEAR UNCLE,           1702.
The happy opportunity which now presents itself is with the greatest joy imaginable embraced since it empowers me to discharge in some part the indispensible duty to you which ought long since to have been performed, but the want of opportunity, the knowledge of what part of the world, the peculiar place where you reside, the unhappy proceedings and unnatural transactions of a nefarious and barbarous father will I hope plead my excuse dear Sir I am sorry to render you such a dismal, such an abhorred account of the unaccountable and most intricate designs of him who is so near allyed to us both, what horror, what amazement, how strangely surprised will a man who is endued with honesty religion piety and virtue behold how maliciously bent he was to ruin his own offspring, how cautious, how circumspect and undermining to rivet me and complete my destruction certainly, - such barbarity as this must needs draw the odium of all good people upon him, but now give me leave dr Uncle to demonstrate to the uncouth proceedings in some measure of an unnatural father for was I to enumerate all the circumstances t'would require some reams of paper and swell to a prodigious bulk to proceed regular and touch upon the most material points since the honor and happiness I had to see you presently after my mother sent me to school in Flanders where I continued five years which being expired I was recalled and dearly caress't by my mother and she finding me grown a good sturdy lad fit for business put me out prentice to a very ingenious man one Mr Pontifex an apothecary of the Royal Society where I was a quarter of a year until my unkind insinuating father with magnificent promises inveigled and cajoled me into a compliance to leave the best of mothers to go with him the worst of fathers; no sooner had he gained his point but he immediately hurried me to my dear Grandmother who received me with a great deal of affection but at the same time seemed very much to doubt his to me - she also acquainted me with a great deal of remorse that my father had taken another woman by whom he had an illegitimate boy, and he had often with all his influence of retorick endeavoured to persuade her to have seen this courteous woman and hopeful youth but the aversion my dear Grandmother had to the fact would never allow this. When I had stayed some little time there he had got all things ready for me to go into the Country which was to a place called Southwell, but hardly had I arrived but he immediately caused me to be placed with a man by the name of Richard Ricard, I found his name at the juncture of time was Gideon, in other places he had taken the name of Sommersam, at others Ofton, these made me first stop in order to penetrate his unexemplary stratagems. After he got me into his power he seemed not a little satisfied and both he and she for the space of three months or thereabouts caress'd me with highest compliments and the most endearing words that invention could rack or tongue express, but alas! my green years little thought he was then acting the part of butcher who first tickles his ox then slaughters him, the three months partly being expired he turns the reverse of what he was before for no manner of reason that I can the least think of unless to confirm the general saying that extremities never last long, he then to aggravate the matter sends me four or five affidavits which were sworn against my mother which I received accordingly and then returned them again, within a very little time after I had returned them he demanded them again, so treacherous was his memory or rather so maliciously was he bent, and when I had told him I had delivered them to him he fell into a violent passion cursing and swearing to the height of madness, then t'was that hypocrisy shewed itself barefaced, nothing would serve his turn but that I had sent them to my mother, which sort of usage made me reflect what I had done and said was to no purpose, so what was done in haste to repent at leisure, as for making my case known to my friends t'was impossible for pen ink and paper were not allowed, the post was bribed nothing but spies to speak to, and no money in my pocket - thus I continued there until he removed to Micham four miles from London the thoughts of which inspired me with new hope and vigour presuming the happy opportunity of finding a reformation, but instead of that nothing but insinuations of what my mother and master would do if they could catch me how malicious and inveterate they were against me, wherefore upon this seeming plausibility he immediately lest I might discover by delay it was nothing but his crafty design sends me down to Stamford in Lincolnshire to one Mr Clough a parson who not having notice pretended he had no convenience but would have with one Mr Booth a writing master who lived at Peterborough many miles distant from that place which it was with much ado I found, the money not being quarterly but as it might &c. . . . . . . . . . . . a specimen of his barbarity they both sends me to Mr Clough . . . . . . My Grandmother had enquired where her grandson was for that my father had told her he had placed me at Whitby in Lincolnshire where I was, this gave Mr Clough a strange light for he was altogether a stranger to the unhappy proceedings of my father, for you must know Mr Clough married this woman that now is with my father, this strangely surprised them to think this woman should turn whore after having had several Children whom they have tricked or destroyed and ruined as well as myself with barbarous and damnable usage, so Mr Clough understanding the matter of fact having an opportunity he sends me down to him to Watesfield in Suffolk near St. Edmonds Bury, no sooner did he see me but he falls a cursing and swearing most abominably at the Gentleman, so the next morning he gets a horse and orders me so when we were mounted he tells me I shall go with him to Wisbeach in the County of Ely where he boards me with a sorry Barber even a place that was scandalous where I remained a year or thereabouts, in which time my dear Grandmother paid her tribute to nature of which I was not acquainted till three quarters of a year afterwards for he would never let me know where she was neither would he let her know where I was let he should be detected in his villany no sooner was she dead but he began to consult all his tools and accomplices the lawyers by what means or method he should take to dock the entail they I presume after a long debate counselled him to sue a Fine and Recovery, so when he had got all his tools about him he sends for me up to London in order to execute his design so as soon as I was arrived he embraced me with a great deal of affection, which something surprised me, but took a great deal of care that I should be never out of his company unless t'was when he committed to one Street an Attorney who was to instruct me in the matter and persuade and soothe me into my destruction, and truly my father was so very generous as to give a suit of clothes which was the only suit he ever gave me and then promised me what mighty matters he would do the next moment if I would not I should starve, in flat terms he would either sel me murder me or anything so that he might get shut of me, so to make short of the story what by his bullying and what by inveighing he cajoled my easy lawyer although with a great deal of reluctance into a compliance, no sooner was it done but I might go hang myself, so out of his great generosity he gave me one hundred pounds to go seek my fortune with a slender promise of something after. Now I leave it to you clear Uncle to judge if it is not in my situation the hardest fate imaginable when I quitted my rights my . . . . who since is dead and has not left me anything and hereafter I might not be alive to serve him who so treacherously inveigled me, so as to be a flaw in his law which is he never made me a consideration payment by which it could not be done by reason he had told my nurse and some of the tenants I had been dead sixteen years and they have taken as free tenures and not coppy, which by law and his proceedings is all forfefted for ti's the highest folly in the world to sue a Fine and Recovery without first passing a Sur consc. in the Court. I must needs confess that I should be very willing to call him to account was I able but not being in a capacity to stand a law suit neither can with safety swear that I am not worth five pounds by virtue of which I might sue him in forma pauperis, but some way I will certainly find out to call him to an account for his deceptive doings wherefore I desire you will give me an account how to proceed before he sells it and then shifts off, this is dear Sir all at present hoping all your family enjoys a good share of health, with the tender of my duty to you and your good lady from your unhappy nephew, RICHARD GLANVILE.

Antigua, May 7th 1703.
Your lett, r of the 20th Decr came to my hand the 3d instant, and since you are inclyning in some measure to depend upon me for my advice, doe thinke my self obliged to give itt you faithfully, my great distance from you not allowing me to doe any thing els for the present, - I have been under a great concern for the difference that happened between yor father and mother and what added to itt, That their children should be the greatest sharers in that misfortune and fall a sacrifice to their resentments. My living in these remote parts of the world and having left England upwards of 26 years, excepting 3 months (I was there 13 years ago) and then, not seeing your father, I never came to the knowledge of what occasioned the wideness of ye breech, but what ever itt was, I find by yr lettr that the Children are the greatest sufferers, their revenge (if I may so properly call it) fall only upon them. You tell me that yor brother Ashfield has been at law with Sir Henry Goodrich ever since the death of yor mother (I take him to be yor half brother, and not the son of my brother), and that he and Sir Henry are come to an accommodation, the former consenting in six months yt 855£ should be paid to Sr Henry for yr maintenance, who this Sr Henry Goodrich is I know not, butt I take him to be a person yt my sister, yor mother, put a trust in to do something for you and yor own brother. He and you would have been kind to have let me a little into the nature of the difference and how you have been educated, both yor ages, how taken care off, and where yor brothr lives, and whom he marryed, and what fortune, and whither he suffered the Estate of his fathers Estate to be cutt off, and if he did that he will send me a copy of all the writings relating thereto, and that I may know what his father did for him for that consideration, what Estate he has, his profession, and what be follows, and the amount of the money you mention you intend to putt out on an annuity. It may doe well enough, butt itt requires a faithfull friend to se that the writings are effectually drawn and the annuity well secured (were I att home I should endeavour to putt itt into a good nationall fund, many of them allowing 10 per Cent., and the interest paid every six months).

I accept of yor duty to myself & your aunt kindly,- My son William has been in England these twelve years, has been at Pembroke Hall these three years in Cambridge, is near twenty years of age, his sister is with me named Alice about 14 years old being all my Childring, I intend her home in a small time, and if am able shall see Europe once more butt I expect my nephew writes to me often and yor leftr shall be welcome,- When you write direct yor lettrs for me att Antigua, and putt them under cover to Mr Nathl Carpenter mercht in London. In short I expect an exact accot of yor family for my information and government - my deare Nevw, I affectionately wish you and yor brother prosperity and am
Your true friend & loving Uncle,
I red both the lettrs and you had best direct yor lett under cover to my son att Pembroke Hall in Cambridge, but dont mention anything that I ordrd you so to doe.


Roma 1733.
Yours I received on yr 22d of this instant, But when it came my heart faintet within me. Afterward I read your letter and do with all my whole heart condole with you, and ye loss of my dear brother your husband and likewise my sister Ashfield's death, I am heartily sorry. But in ye second article I am glad to hear that you and my dearest Nelly is living ye rest of your children. Ye write me word that ye children are in mean circumstances and have no other dependance only yourself and me, I wish you had explained yourself in a more clearer manner. Pray what is become of my father and his estate, you mention nothing about him, for if he is dead, my brother, your husband comes in for ye estate and as he is dead, his son Richard is ye next heir, as for my sister Ashfield's little respect to your children ? I am amazed (Ashfield was Eleanor's half sister). However pray search diligently into my father's will (Richard Glanvile, Lord of the Manors of Elmset Offton on Somersham), if he be dead; and likewise my sister Ashfield's will, for she had upwards of sixty pounds of my money in her hands which was left when my brother Ashfield died (Edmund Ashfield, Esqr, her half brother), he left no will so his estate was divided and so much came to my part, and she wrote to me here at Rome desiring to know unto whom she should pay the money to, I sent her an order, but ye letter miscarried, and was found a year after, so I never could hear from sister nor money ever since, therefore my dear pray be plain with me, for you do not mention anything as to yourself whether you are a widdow or if you intend to marry again or what you intend to do, neither do you inform me about your own relations, nor circumstances. My dear if you are still a widdow and do not think of marrying, ye greatest of my comfort would to have you and all the children here with me, you may live far better than in England, and as for your Religion, there is nobody will force you to change for ye Citty of Rome is like to ye Citty of London or Bristol. Here is all nations and all religions in it, so if you are willing to comply with my desire, and come over to me, the beauty of ye place will ravish your heart, and upon condition that you will come, I will ye sixty pounds to bear the charges for those that hath my sister Ashfield's effects be it whom they will, they must and shall pay that money. Moreover if she has not cut me off as well as your children, ye will come in for the whole as being ye nearest of kindred, so pray inspect diligently into this affair, but if you will not come, pray send me two of ye children, or if not two, pray send me my own dearest Nelly which my brother and you both gave me, and whoever comes, this money shall be given to bear their charges hear to Rome, so if you like better to stay in England with all your children and they with you I shall then seek some other to settle all my effects upon, for if I was to settle it upon you and your children, you would never be a penny the better for it at this distance. Unless you condescend to come over, or send ye children or my Nelly, for she I must have if you will spare no more, but if you are doubtfull of coming or sending her, I have an Englishman, well born and well known and a freeman of ye Citty of London he hath likewise a very good entry in England himself . . . . . . . Yeaccount of his being converted to ye Most holy Catholic faith, his friends bear a regret against him, he has lived, with me these four years and is ye only comfort I have, and I will send him even half way to meet and conduct you safe here to Rome which is ye happiest place in ye world, so loose no time nor opportunity in sending to me, and send me your positive answer, whether you will come or not, or if you will send on ye children, because when you intend to set out, write and inform me if you . . . . on your journey, then I shall make my will and leave all that I have in ye world unto those who is a coming. Moreover I shall recommend them unto two of ye chiefest princeses in Rome who are my particular acquaintance, because if death should hapen to me before they arrive they may be nobly provided for when they come, not that there is any likelihood of death in me, thanks be to God, but as our family dyse young and death may come. Dear Sister send me a full account of my sister Ashfield's death and where she dyed, and get two witnesses that she is dead, and see her will, and what she hath left me, for if she hath not cut me off likewise I am ye next kin, to those ye hath it in possession I will oblige them to make restoration to me of all in. . . . . Unless she hath married and left any child, therefore look diligently into this. And . . . . also in like manner into my father's will, if he be dead, or if he living pray let me know. My mother always told me I had a fortune settled on me by my father in the articles of marriage, but what ye just sum is I forget) so pray inquire after ye articles between my father and mother, and see what my fortune is. Likewise my cozon Billy Glanvile, give information of him or any other relation to me if you can. But in case Nelly should be dead pray send Mary. I conclude wth ye greatest of my affection, and am
Your most loveing & affectionate kinswoman till death,
Direct ye letter as before, if ye have forgot, direct for Mrs Eleanor Glanville [fn 110] an English lady living in Roma, to be left for her att a Colledge . . . . Roma.

This letter is addressed to "Mrs. Margaret Glanvile, living at Wedmore, near Wells, and to be left for her at ye Sign of ye George, in ye Citty of Wells, by ye way of London," 1733.

Richard Glanville, Lord of the Manors of Elmset, Somersham, and Offton, married, as before stated, in 1685 Mrs. Eleanor Ashfield, and by her had issue, Richard, born 1688, and Eleanor (the writer of the last letter). Richard ought to have succeeded to all his father's and mother's estates; but his father compelled him to cut off the entail by the most crafty artifices. The papers I have in my possession do not inform me how the lawsuit was settled between the litigants.

Richard Glanville (junior) lived at Wedmore in Somersetshire, where his descendants still hold considerable property. He entered the medical profession and took his M.D. degree, dying in October, 1728, aged 40. He left issue by Margaret, his wife- Richard, born 1717; John, born 1722 and died 1723; Eleanor; [fn 111] and Mary. The following are extracts from the Will of Richard Glanville:-

"Will of Richard Glanvile of Stoughton Cross, in the parish of Wedmore, Somersetshire

W. S. Glanvile

(1) He leaves his soul to God, etc. (2) Just debts and funeral expenses to be paid. (3) Gives to Margaret, his "loving -wife," and "trusty friend John Ford of Consbury (?)," all his lands in the county of Somerset, in trust that they shall dispose of the same lands to the best purchaser, and the money arising from the said sale, or as shall be necessary, shall be paid to Thomas Earl, of Whitmarsh, (?) in the said county, to discharge his mortgage upon the estate at Stoughton Cross, and after the said mortgage, principal and interest, shall be paid, he gives the surplus to his executrix towards the payment of his debts. (4) He gives his messuage, garden, and land attached to it, to his son Richard Glanville and his heirs, upon condition that he pays "to my two daughters, Eleanor and Mary, the sum of £50 apiece of lawful money," when his son attains the age of 21 years; and he charges the same property with £3 (?) rent, which is to be paid to his loving wife Margaret. (5) He further gives his daughters, Eleanor and Mary, £100, to be placed at interest. (6) He gives to his sisters, Mary Ashfield and Eleanor Glanville, £5 apiece to buy mourning with, as tokens of his love. (7) Gives to his loving wife all his household goods, etc., at the dwelling house at Stoughton Cross, during her widowhood, and no longer; and if she re-marries, or dies, he gives them to his three children, Richard, Eleanor, and Mary. (8) His "loving wife" is to give his children "lodging, washing, apparel, and education suitable to their stations for seven years " from his death. (9) Gives all the rest of his goods, etc., to his wife Margaret, and makes her sole executrix, and his "loving friend," John Ford, overseer, and gives him £10 for his trouble."

This will was made 24 September, 1726, and proved 30 January, 1730.

Richard Glanville, [fn 112] the son and heir, also followed in his father's profession. He married Miss Jane Wall, at the Cathedral, Wells, February 28, 1736; she died 1791, aged 74; and he dying in 1799, aged 82, was succeeded in the Wedmore property by his son, John Glanville, b. June 19, 1748, and married firstly Miss Grace Barrow of Wedmore, [fn 113] February 28, 1768, and by her had issue:-

1. William Glanville, b. September 22, 1771 ; ob. March, 1802.
2. Mary Glanville, b. October 28, 1768; married, December 26, 1789, John Brown, Esq., of Wedmore
3. Richard Glanville, b. April 27; married Miss Anne Champeney, 1800, and had by her Richard Glanville, b. December, 1803.
4. Jane Glanville, b. August 10, 1777 ; ob. 1796.
5. Johanna Glanville, b. January 12, 1780.
6. Ann Glanville, b. August 22, 1780; married Benjamin Redman, Esq., of Wedmore, April 23,1799.
7. Betty Glanville, b. March 23, 1785.
8. John Glanville, b. December 4, 1782; succeeded his father.
Mr Glanville married secondly Miss Jane Clapp of Wedmore, March 22, 1793, and had issue by her:-
1. George Glanville, b. May 28, 1799.
2. Jane Glanville, b. July 10, 1797.
3. Forest Glanville, b. June 24, 1794; ob. August, 1799.
4. Forest Glanville, b. September 7, 1795; married in 1817 Miss Hannah Champeney of Wedmore.
5. William Glanville, b. August 2, 1804.
Mr Glanville dying June 19, 1812, was succeeded by his son, John Glanville (by Grace his first wife).

John Glanville married firstly, October 10, 1808, Miss Anne Hawkins, and by her had issue: William Shartman Glanville of Wedmore, b. August 19, 1809, and married October 10, 1844, Charlotte Maria, daughter of John Barrow, Esq., of Wedmore, Justice of the Peace. Mr. John Glanville married secondly Elizabeth, daughter of John Barrow, Esq., of Wedmore, dying on May 20, 1855. He was succeeded by his eldest son William Shartman Glanville, by his first wife, who has issue:-

1. John Glanville, b. Feb. 7, 1847; married in 1879 Sarah, daughter of John Salmon, Esq.
2. Rev. William Shartman Glanville, b. March 12, 1848, Wadham College, Oxford, B.A. 1869, M.A. 1874.
3. Richard Ranulph Glanville, b. August 19, 1854; married in 1880 Louisa Ann, daughter of William Walker, Esq., and has Ct son, Ranulph, born November 20, 1881. [fn 114]
4. Forest Ashfield Glanville, b. December 11, 1855.
5. Roger John Glanville, b. May 7, 1858.
6. Charlotte Maria Glanville, b. December 10, 1849; married George A. Salmon, Esq.
7. Elizabeth Barrow Glanville, b. April 26, 1851; married in 1870 G. W. Millard, Esq.


First Stone.

"Here lieth the body of Mr Richard Glanville, M.D., who was buried October the 21st 1728, aged 40.
Also John, his son, was here buried June the 14th, 1723, aged 1 year.
Also Margaret, his wife, was here buried July 9th 1735, aged 46 years.
Also Richard Glanvile, Surgeon, son of ye above Richard and Margaret, and Jane his wife, he died Jany ye20th, 1799, aged 82 years; she, Feby ye 22nd, 1791, aged 74 years.
Also John Glanvile, Gent., son of e above Richard and Jane Glanvile, who died June 19th 1812, aged 64 years.
Also William and Jane, son and daughter of John and Grace Glanvile. Jane died June ye 6th, 1796, aged 19. William died March ye 3rd 1802, aged 31 years.
Also here lieth the body of Grace, ye wife of John Glanvile, who departed this life ye 12 day of January, 1787, aged 41 years.
And also two of their children who died in their infancy.
Also 6 children of the above John Glanvile, by Jane his second wife, who died in their infancy.
Also of Jane Glanvile, 2nd wife of the above John Glanvile, who died April 24th, 1843, aged 76 years.

Second Stone.

Ann Glanvile, wife of John Glanvile, died 3rd May, 1811, aged 28 years. Twin sons, Richard and John, died in infancy. Elizabeth, 2nd wife of John Glanvile and eldest daughter of John Barrow, Esq., died 8 June, 1844, aged 62.


In memory of Anne, wife of John Glanvile, Surgeon, of this place, who died May 3, 1811, aged 28 years. And their twin sons, Richard and John, who died in their infancy. Also of Elizabeth the second wife of the above named John Glanville, and eldest daughter of the late John Barrow, Esq., who died June 8th, 1844, in the 63 year of her age.
John Glanville died 20th May, 1855, aged 73 years. C. M. Salmon, daughter of W. S. and C. M. Glanville, died 6 April, 1879, aged 29 years.

Sir John Glanville, M.P., Sergeant-at-law, Judge of the Court of Common Please 1598, of Kilworthy, Tavistock, Devon.

JOHN GLANVILLE [fn 115] was a son of John Glanville, of Tavistock (revert to issue of John Glanville, page 75), and being a younger son did not receive an university education, but joined the profession of the law in which so many of his ancestors had flourished. In the year 1567, Glanville entered himself at Lincoln's Inn, and was called to the bar in 1574. He filled the office of Reader, both in the Lent and Autumn terms of the year 1589, the other occasion being in consequence of his having been called to the coif. Prince states that it was said of Glanville, Thomas Harris, and Edward Drew, who were called Serjeants at the same time, that

One spent   as much as the other two.

He does not specially appropriate these gentlemen, but suggests that Serjeant Drew was on the getting side.

Glanville was elected Member of Parliament for Tavistock with Valentine Knightley which met at Westminster (28 Eliz.), 1586. This was not the first time he had been elected, for in the previous year he sat for Launceston, Cornwall. He was again elected to represent, along with Mr. Sampson Lennard, the town of St. Germans in 1592.

Sergeant Glanville was promoted to the bench as a Justice of the Common Pleas on June 30th, 1598. In that high position, a writer says, "Glanville was not only skilled in the deep and more recondite points of the law, but he was also a great lover of justice and integrity, being careful in his place to hold the balances intrusted to him as became him with an even and steady band; not inclining to either side out of awe, or dread, out of favour or affection. He would not oppress the small to please the great, but administered justice according to his oath indifferently to all, with that uprightness and honesty as one conscious of himself, he must one day come for judgment and have all his judgments judged over again."

In 1594 (Feb. 25th). Sir Walter Ealeigh writes to Sir Robert Cecil "that the Lords of the Council had written to the Deputy Lieutenants of Cornwall to see that certain orders had been observed in relation to St. Margaret's tin works which had been formerly set down by himself and Sir John Fortescue, with the advice of the judges. The matter had long been at variance between Bevill Courtney and others on the one part, and Serjeant Glanville, Mr. Arundel, and others on the other part. That Courtney and his confederates have lingered in the country until they had understood the writer (Sir Walter Raleigh) had returned from London, and they are now hastily repairing to Court to renew their antient complaints and importunities, and to take advantage of his absence, thinking to prevail in their shameful requests, when there are none to contradict them, or to show their contempt, or misdemeanours. Sir Walter Raleigh relies on his - Sir Robert Cecil's - honourable care that, if any complaint be made by them against him or Serjeant Glanville, further proceedings may be stayed till next term, when they will attend on Anything that may be brought in question against them, and Sir W. Raleigh begs that he will command them to set down their request in writing that they may answer about their proceedings with indifference and equity." In 1600 Judge Glanville, Lord Anderson, and Judge Clench granted a pardon to a W. Danby and twenty-four other poor prisoners for divers felonies, etc.

Judge Glanville moved his residence from Tavistock to his estate at Kilworthy, near that town. Mrs. Bray, who had more than once visited it, writes, "The now humble remains of Kilworthy, once the splendid mansion of the Glanvilles, a family long distinguished in Devon. The house was built by them in the reign of Elizabeth. This structure partook of that combination heavy and clumsy ornament common to the period, yet rendered imposing by the grandeur that characterised the original proportions of the building to which it was appended. The front of Kilworthy, facing the south, displayed many a window, divided in the midst by mullions so large and broad that they not a little obscured the light the windows were intended to admit. Such was Kilworthy, but it no longer appears in its original form. It underwent considerable alterations in the reign of Charles II., and, lastly and still worse, in that of George III., when, nearly sixty years since, the front was entirely modernized. In a long passage of the house, as well as in one of its chambers, may still be seen a vast number of paintings on panel, representing, in succession, the family of Glanville for many generations. [fn 116] The hall, though now but a vestige of what it was once, shews enough to indicate its former grandeur. It was originally lofty, it is now low and divided by a partition. Then it was panelled on either side with oak, and had a fireplace large enough to contain several persons within its ample sides. One can fancy what it was in the Judge's time, when the dogs or andirons that supported the blazing logs, were, no doubt, finished at their tops with solid and chased silver. The recesses still in the halls must have been a more modern construction, since neither these, nor the gilded Corinthian capitals of the pilasters, are older than the time of Charles II. The gardens of Kilworthy, where slight traces of their ancient grandeur may even yet be seen, were on a scale suited to the place. They ran along the side of an elevated piece of ground to the west of the house; being entered by a pair of ample gates, on whose supporters appeared, at the top of either, a formidable lion rampant, holding in his claws the saltire, or cross of the Glanvilles, and frowning augustly upon all intruders. The lions and the original gates of wrought iron are gone, but opening those wooden ones that have succeeded them, a second and third sort of terrace leads on to the rising gardens, the steepness of the ascent being thus broken; and many a gay parterre no doubt once lay around, exhibiting an endless diversity of flowers and plants. Kilworthy had once a chapel, but that has long disappeared, or has been converted into one of the barns. The dovecot, stables, and other offices stood near enough to the house for domestic convenience, yet not so near as to be an annoyance to the family residing in it. A noble avenue of old beech-trees, their trunks overgrown with moss, and affording the deepest shade, led on the way from the principal road to the mansion, affording the passenger, here and there between their trunks and branches, those peeps of landscape and of the Dartmoor heights always go welcome to the lover of the picturesque. These beech-trees still remain, venerable from time, and happily untouched by the axe. There are also some very aged ones of exceeding beauty in what was once the park, where the red deer used to graze on the perpetual herbage the climate secures to Devon fields."

Sir John Glanville married Alice, daughter of John Skerret, Esq., of Tavistock (he was a member of a very ancient Devonshire family) ; and by her he had issue:-

1. Mary Glanville, who became the wife of Sir E. Estcourt, of Salisbury.
2. Alice Glanville, buried at Tavistock, November 14, 1608.
3. Sir Francis Glanville, Knight (of whom further on).
4. Joan Glanville, married Sampson Hele of Gnatton, Devon, Esq.
5. Dionysia Glanville, married Thomas Polwhele of Polwhele, Esq.
6. Thomas Glanville, Vicar of Tavistock.
7. Sir John Glanville, Knight, of whom presently,
The Judge's wife took for her second husband, Sir Francis Godolphin, Knight, son and heir of Thomas Godolphin, second son of Sir William Godolphin, and heir to his brother Sir William.

Pedigree of Skerrett (VISITATION OF DEVON).

Arms.- Or, a chief indented Sable.

The death of Judge Glanville occurred at Tavistock, on the 27th July, 1600, and he was interred in the Parish Church of that place, where a very fine monument was erected to his memory. The Judge is represented in his scarlet robes. The late Rev. Mr. Bray said that the face exactly corresponded with an old picture on panel, representing the Judge in his black cap and scarlet robes, that was for many years in the possession of his father. This effigy is that of a corpulent man, lying at full length on his side, the upper part of his body being raised, and the left arm resting on a cushion. The countenance and brows in particular exhibit those strong marks of intellectual superiority which ever distinguishes a man of talent. This learned functionary unfortunately has lost his nose, and the hands have also suffered mutilation, as well as many parts of the tomb. In front of the Judge, but beneath the figure kneels, in a praying attitude, the effigy of Dame Glanville; she is also noseless. Her face is a decided contrast to that other husband, the forehead low and mean, and the whole expression of the countenance conveys a strong idea of a proud, cross woman. She must have been as fond of finery as good Queen Bess herself. Her dress is a most extravagant representation of the most formidable array of the day of Elizabeth. Her buckram-waist, writes Mrs. Bray, like armour, sleeves, ruff, and farthingale are all monstrous; and her double-linked gold chains are grand enough for the Lord Mayor.

In front of the base of the tomb are seen several small figures about a foot high, and are the miniature effigies of their children. The following are the inscriptions on this really fine monument:-

[Crest: A Stag.]

"Honorate Sacrum Memoria
Johannis Glanvill, unius quondam
Justiciariorum de Communi Banco:
Qui merito factus Judex summo cum labore administravit
Juatitiam; Justitia conservavit
Pacern; Pace expectavit mortem;
Et morte invenit Requiem 27
Die Julii. Anno Dom. 1600:"

(Tablet underneath to left.)
"Stat'um erat hoc Monumentum
Anno Dom. 1615. Impensis Dominae
Aliciae Godolphin viduae pri'us
Uxoris ejusdem Joh'is Glanvill,
renuptaa vero Francisco Godolphin.
Militi, jam etiam Defuncto: Quae
peperit fidem Job' vero suo 7 liberos
quorum nomina et connubia,
proxima tabula suo ordine.

(Tablet underneath to right.)
"(1) Maria defuncta nupta Edwardo
Estcourt, armig. portea militi. (2) Franciscus,
qui duxit in uxorem Elizabetham
filiam Wili'mi Crymes, armig.
(3) Dionisia nupta Thomae Polwhele armig.
(4) Johannes qui duxit in uxorem
Winifredam filiam Will'mi Bouchier, armig.
(5) Alicia defuncta innupta.
(6) Johanna nupta Sampsoni
Hele armig. (7) Thomas."

Among the many curious traditions in Tavistock, Mrs. Bray gives the following:-
"The Judge's daughter (Alice) was attached to George Stanwich, a young man of Tavistock, lieutenant of a man-of-war, whose letters the father, disapproving of the attachment, intercepted. An old miser of Plymouth, of the name of Page, wishing to have an heir to disappoint his relations, who perhaps were too confident in calculating upon sharing his wealth, availed himself of this apparent neglect of the young sailor, And settling on her a good jointure, obtained her hand. She took with her a maid-servant from Tavistock; but her husband was so penurious that he dismissed all the other servants, and caused his wife and her maid to do all the work themselves. On an interview subsequently taking place between her and Stanwich, she accused him of neglecting to write to her; and they discovered that his letters had been intercepted. The maid advised them to get rid of the old gentleman, and Stanwich at length, with great reluctance, consented to their putting an end to him. Page lived in what was afterwards the Mayoralty House (at Plymouth), and a woman who lived opposite, hearing at night some sand thrown against a window, thinking it was her own, arose, and looking out, saw a young gentleman near Page's window and heard him say, "For God's sake stay your hand!" A female replied, "Tis too late; the deed is done!" On the following morning it was given out that Page had died suddenly in the night, and as soon as possible he was buried. On the testimony, however, of his neighbour, the body was taken up again; and it appearing that he had been strangled, his wife, Stanwich, and the maid were tried and executed. It is current among the common people here that Judge Glanville, her own father, pronounced her sentence. (In the 92nd number of the "Quarterly Review," of January, 1832, in the reviewal of Collier's "History of the English Drama," I saw it stated that, before Shakespeare wrote his plays, it was the custom of the time to dramatise any remarkable incident which occurred in the country. Mr. Collier mentions one of these incidental dramas to have been the "Lamentable Tragedy of Page of Plymouth.")

"'Old Page,' I am informed by Mr. Hughes, was an eminent merchant in his day, commonly called 'Wealthy Page.' He lived in Woolster Street, Plymouth, in the house since known by the name of Mayoralty. It stood untouched till the rebuilding of the Guildhall, when it was taken down. The old house was long an object of curiosity on account of the atrocious murder there committed. Mr. Hughes likewise tells me that some years ago, previous to the repairs of St. Andrew's Church, Plymouth, Page's coffin was discovered on breaking the ground near the communion-table for the interment of a lady named Lovell. The inscription on the coffin proved it to contain the body of the 'Wealthy Page.' It was opened; the remains were found in a remarkably perfect state, but crumbled to dust on being exposed to the air. So great was the curiosity of the populace, that during several days hundreds pressed in to gratify it, and every relic that could be stolen, if but a nail from the coffin, was carried off. There is no authority but that of tradition in support of the assertion that the wife of Page was one of the daughters of Judge Glanville, and received sentence of death from the lips of her own father. Supposing the story to be true. Prince has carefully suppressed it. I am, however, disposed to think it is not true; as my venerable friend, the Rev. Richard Polwhele, of Polwhele, Cornwall (descended from the Judge, by the marriage of his daughter Dionysia with a Polwhele), writes me word that though he had heard his grandmother tell the story of Glanville passing the sentence on his own child, it was not, even in her time, considered true. It strikes me, after a careful examination of whatever circumstance could throw light on the subject, that some confusion, some mistake has arisen, in consequence of another Devonshire Judge having really been placed in so trying and painful a situation as that of sitting on the bench and passing sentence on his own son."

Alice Glanville, the only unmarried daughter of the Judge, according to the Bishop of Exeter's MSS., was buried at Tavistock, the 14th November, 1608. If therefore the tradition that Judge Glanville passed sentence of death on his own child is correct, and if it was carried out, it is odd that her burial should have happened eight years after her father's decease.

I will now give a short account of the other children of the Judge.

Joan Glanville, his third daughter, as before stated, married Sampson Hele of Gnatton, Esq., High Sheriff of Devon, son and heir of Walter Hele of Lewston, Esq., who died 1632, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Strode of Newenham (temp. Queen Elizabeth), by his wife Elizabeth, only daughter and heiress of Sir Philip Courtney, of Molland, Devon, who was great-great-grandson of Hugh Courtney, Earl of Devon, by his wife Elizabeth Plantagenet, daughter of King Edward I. The following Pedigree will perhaps better explain the descent.

Matthew Hele of Holwell, son and heir, was born in 1616, and became High Sheriff of Devon in 1660, where, it is said, the branches of this family were so numerous, and all of such good estate within the county of Devon, that he assembled a grand jury representing the body thereof, and seldom under twenty, all of his name and blood, gentlemen of estate and quality, "which made the Judge observe when he heard 'Hele of Wisdom, Esq.,' called - a genteel seat in the parish of Cornwood that he thought they must all be descended from Wisdom, in that they had acquired such good estate."

Dionysia Glanville, fourth daughter of the Judge, married Thomas Polwhele of Polwhele, Co. Cornwall, Esq., representative of one of the most ancient and honourable houses in that county, and had issue by him - John Polwhele, born 1606 ; Thomas Polwhele, born 1610, afterwards vicar of Newlyn; Francis Polwhele, born 1608; Degory Polwhele, born 1616. This gentleman was a Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, and in 1660 was created, an M.D., "for that he had from the beginning of the late unhappy troubles vigorously and faithfully served his Majesty under the command of Ralph, Lord Hopton, then Sir James Smith, in the quality of a Major of the Horse, and continued in arms until the surrender of Pendennis Castle, from whence he went to his late Majesty of Blessed Memory, and afterwards followed his own Majesty (Charles II.) in Holland and Flanders, and in and about the year 1650, he returned into Cornwall, his native county, where he betook himself to the study and practice of physic." [fn 117] John Polwhele, the eldest son of Dionysia Glanville, married Ann Baskerville, daughter of Thomas Baskerville of Richardstown, Wells, Esq. This alliance connected the families of Glanville and Polwhele still closer, as the following pedigree will shew:-

Pedigree of Baskerville and Polwhele, shewing the Glanville connection.


John Polwhele, son and heir, represented the Borough of Tregoney in Parliament, in conjunction with Sir Richard Vyvyan. "In 1643 we observe him" (John), writes his representative, the Reverend Richard Polwhele (the celebrated Historian of Cornwall), "and his friends and relatives. Lord Mohun, and Edgecumbe, Glanville and Godolphin, Lower and Killegrew, rallying round the sacred person of Majesty; and at Oxford, the magnificent ball of Christ Church was their Senate House."
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